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17 BACK GROUND

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style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>18 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> I.          The m munity and Environmental Se tting.

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26 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 28. the re gion is exp a ct over 9 million residents by 2040.

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ved by various forms of public tra nsportatio n, including: rail

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2 p roperties B style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ay Area Rapid Tr (― BART and CalTr bus prop such as the

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3 Al a Costa Transit ct ―AC Tr ansi t‖), SamTr a M UNI, and various fe rry

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4 lin es.  Still, residents r emain heavi style='letter-spacing:.3pt'>ly reliant on ca rs and li cks for transport ation to work.

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5 30.       This reli ance on cars and tru mode of d ly ansp ortation has signifi cant

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6 environme imp on the r egion. style='letter-spacing:2.25pt'> Ordin ary combustion en ―greenhou se gas es‖ such

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7 arbon dioxide, which contribute global wa rming, and air pollutants su ch as nitro gen oxides

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8 and volatile or ganic compound s, all of which ha ve b een shown to contribute to serious health eff ec ts

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9 such espi rato style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>ry ailments and cardiova scular dis ease.  Cars and light trucks r emain the single

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10 largest source of g reenh ouse gas emissions in the St C rnia, and in the Bay A re a, these

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11 sources are r esponsible for near style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>ly 40% of gr eenhouse gas emissions in the re gion.

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style='color:red'>12 31.       Over the p ye ars, th h as been an incre ase in the number of veh icle miles

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13 trav elled ( ―VMTs‖), associated g reenhouse gas emissions. The Plan es to alter th at

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14 traje r y, and continues to incr ease the amount of VMTs.  The a ge ncies‘ failure to shift

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15 transport ation pat terns in the Plan is a continu ation of their long-standi ng patt and practi ce—

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16 public tr ansportation ridership has r emained relat ive ly fl the past 20 y ears, despite re gional

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17 population incr eas es.

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18 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 32.       The B style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ay A rea region houses a number of key an sportation hubs, through whi ch

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19 large volumes of p eople and consumer goods tr ansit on a daily basis.  It has three major airpo –

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20 San Fra ncisco Int ernati onal Airport, San Jose Intern ational Airport, and Oakland Int ation al

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21 Airport.  It has sever m ajor ports, including the Port of Oakland, the h g est port in the United

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22 States.  The gh wa ys that serve the area h ave high volumes of truck tr affic carr ying consumer

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23 goods – I -880/80 ca rries the high est volume of tru af fic in the region, and I -580 has the second

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24 highest volume of tr uck trfic in the entire n  A number of fr ei ai style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>lway lines also transit

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25 through the region.

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26 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 33.       The movem cons umer goods thro ugh the region r epr esents a subst anti al

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27 component of the local e conom y, and is e xpec ted to grow si gnific ly the near future. style='letter-spacing:3.0pt'> A ccording

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28 to a 2009 mov ement study condu style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>by MTC, ―m a cturin f re ight ansp ortation and
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style='position:absolute;z-index:-96;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'>whol esale tra de‖ style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> constitute style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> ne ly 40% of r egio nal style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> output.  The same study found that B style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ay Ar ea

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2 businesses sp end over $6.6 billion on tr ansportation services, a nd goods movement businesses cr eate

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3 over 10 per cent of regional empl oyment.

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4 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 34.       The ov er all movement of goods nationwide and in the re gion is exp ected to increas e.

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5 The 2009 MTC stu dy fo recast an increase in style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> goo ds movement through air ports, seaports and

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6 railways of 109% b etween 2006 and 2009.  The Fed al High way Administration proje cts a

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7 n ationwide increase of 80% in freight tonn age h auled by tru cks and a 73% incr ease ail tonnage;

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8 air car go tonna ge is expe cted to quadruple.  style='color:red;letter-spacing:.05pt'>Activi style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ty in California ports is exp ected to increase by

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9 250% b etwe en the pr es ent and 2020. Due to shifting patterns, t ru ansiting throu gh the

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10 Bay Area are exp ected to increase the distan ces tr avell ed to deliver their ca rgo T he n eed for

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11 industrial lands is also exp ected to increase, as more manufacturing and warehouse spa ce will be

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12 needed, to a ccommodate e xpected increases in g oods movement through airpo hi ghw style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ays,

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13 seaports and r ail.

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14 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 35.       The movem ent of fr ei ght h as serious environment al and public health impli cations.

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15 A signifi cant portion of the g reenhou se gas emissions from transportation is due to the movement of

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16 frei ght and goods thro ugh California. style='letter-spacing:3.0pt'> One quarter of the Bay Ar ea‘s p articulate (PM) 2.5

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17 emissions g ener ated in Alameda Count y, whi ch hosts rs tate 880 and 80, routes h eavi style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>ly

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18 traffick by the tru cks tr ansporting goods from the Port of Oakland.  The emissions from freight

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19 vehicles like tru cks and ships cause a numb er of adverse he alth eff ects, from incre ased respir ato style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ry

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20 and cardiov ascular ailments, to prematu re d eat h. Th will be a corresponding increase in the se

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21 emissions lo ads, as the volume of goods move ment increas es throu gh the r gion.

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22 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 36.       Goods movement also h eavi style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly imp acts low -in come and minority communities.  The

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23 infrastru cture that f acilit ates the movement of go ods – the airports and se apo rts, and the hig hwa ys

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24 and railwa ys that connect those facilities to other parts of the state – is by a nd large situated in low-

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25 income and minori ty communities.  These communities are burde ned by adverse h ealth effects from

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26 these tr ansportation hubs.  The proje ct ed health outcomes for residents of nei ghborhoods like West

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27 and East Oakland are drasti ly diff ent from the outcomes for r esidents of we hillside

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28 neighborhoods lo f urther from transport ation inf rastru ctur For ex ample, an Afri can Ameri can

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Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                              9


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style='position:absolute;z-index:-93;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'>born in W est Oakland is likely to die almost 15 y style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ears earlier than a white p rn in the Oakla nd

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2 Hills, and is five tim es more likely to be hospitaliz dia betes, twice as likely to be affected by

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3 heart dise as e, and twice as lik ely to die of cancer.

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4 II.        Statuto ry Fr ame work Underly style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ing Regio nal Transpo tion Plan

5 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 37.       Pursuant to 23 U.S.C. §§ 134, et seq., metropolitan planning org aniz ations must

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6 develop a lon g-t erm re gion tr ansportation ( ―RTP‖) ev ery four y ears. style='letter-spacing:2.4pt'> MTC is g en style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>cy

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7 responsible for p rep aring the RTP for the San Fran ay Area re The last RTP for the Bay

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8 Area w as adopted in 2009.

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9 38.        The policy style='letter-spacing:.65pt'> und l ying style='letter-spacing:.8pt'> the style='letter-spacing:.95pt'> RTP is style='letter-spacing:1.15pt'> ―to style='letter-spacing:.95pt'> encourage style='letter-spacing:.95pt'> and p the style='letter-spacing:1.0pt'> safe style='letter-spacing:1.0pt'> and ef ficient

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10 management, oper ation, and dev elopment of surface tr ansport ation s ystems that will serve the

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11 mobility ne eop le r ei ght and foster e conomic gr owth and devel opment of surface

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12 transport ation s ystems th at will serve the mobili style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ty n eop le and fre ight and foster economic

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13 growth and d ev elopment within and betw een States and urbaniz ed a reas, while minimi zing

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14 transport ation-r el f uel consumption and air pollution throu gh metropolitan and statewide

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15 transport planning style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> pro cesses .‖  23 style='letter-spacing:.25pt'> U.S.C. § style='letter-spacing:.3pt'> 134(a) (1).

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16 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 39.       The planning proc ess shall include consid ation of proje cts and str ate gies th at will

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17 ―inc re the ac cessibili mobili ty of p f fr ei ght,‖ and ― enh ance int egration and

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18 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> connectivi style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ty of the transportation style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> s across style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> and b etween style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> modes, for people style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> and style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> fr ei ght.‖  23 19         U.S.C. § 134(h )(D), (F).

20 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 40.       F eder al re gulations require an inte gr ated plan which ac counts for the tr ansportation of

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21 people and goods. style='letter-spacing:1.85pt'> They equire to ―include lon g- ra nge and sho rt-r an ge st rat egies/ actions

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22 that lead to the dev m an integ rated multimodal transportation sys tem to facilitate the safe

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23 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> and eff icient movement of p and goods in addressing cu rr fu ture anspor tation 24         demand.‖ style='letter-spacing:.55pt'> 23 C. § style='letter-spacing:.35pt'> 450.322 (b).

25 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 41.       The planning proc sh all further projects str ate th ― protect and

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26 enhance environme nt, promote ener gy r vation, improve the quality of li fe, and promote

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27 consisten style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>cy b etwe a nsportation improvements and State al planned gr owth and economic

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28 development style='letter-spacing:.3pt'> patterns .‖  23 style='letter-spacing:.35pt'> U.S.C. § style='letter-spacing:.35pt'> 134(h )( E).

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Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            10


1

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style='position:absolute;z-index:-90;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'>42.       C rnia Govern ment Code §§ 65080 et. seq. p rovides the statutory f ram ework

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2 und er Califo rnia law for regional tr ansport ation plans.  The statute dire a style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>nsportation planning

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3 agen to pr epa re adopt a plan ―dire achieving coordin and balan ced gional

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4 transport ation s ystem, in g, but not limited to mass transport gh wa y, railr oad, maritime,

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5 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> bicyc le, style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> pe destrian, style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> goo ds mov aviation style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> fa and serv ices.‖  California Govern ment 6       Code § 65080 (a).

7 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 43.       The C rnia Sustainable Communities and imate e ct of 2008,

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8 C rnia ate Bill (―SB 375‖), ad ded langu to statut whi r ed RTPs to

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9 contain ―sustainable c ommunities strategy.‖ style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> A ―sustainable communities strate gy‖ ( ―SCS‖)

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10 consists of an integ rated l and use and transportati on plan, which among oth gs, must enable the

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11 region to me et the gr eenhouse gas emissions redu ction tar gets style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> set by the ARB. Califo rnia

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12 Government Code § 65 080(b)(2)(B).

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13 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 44.       SB 375 is d g ned to reduce GHG emissions from cars and li ck style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>s.  The

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14 legislative histo style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ry of the statute emphasi zes that reductions should be ach iev ed throu gh r educi ng

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15 reliance on automobiles and trucks, and not th rou gh consi der ation of other GHG red uction

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16 programs:[T ]his bill rovides me chanism f or r educi ng greenhouse g as es f the gle la rg est

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17 sector of emissions, cars and light trucks…[ a]lthou gh gr eenhouse gas emi ssions can be r educed by

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18 producing fu ff icient cars and using low carbon fuel, red uctions in vehicles miles trav style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>elled

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19 will also be style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> ne cessa style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ry.‖  Sen Rul Committe e, An al SB 375 (August style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> 30, 2008).

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20 III.       K ey F eatu Plan Bay Area

21 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 45.       MTC and A BAG joint style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>ly led the developm ent of Plan ay r ea, in collaboration with

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22 two other r egional a gen ci the ay Area Qu ality M ana ge ment District ( ―BAAQM D‖) and the

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23 B style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ay Conservation and D evelopm Commission ― BCDC‖).

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24 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 46.       The Plan is describ ed as follows in the accompa ny ing environm ent ct report,

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25 ― [t]he proposed ay r serv the R gional Tr ansportation the San

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26 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> Fran cisco ay Area reg ion as well as the re gion‘s Sustain able Communities Strate gy (SCS) as 27

28

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Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            11


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style='position:absolute;z-index:-87;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'>r ed und SB 375.‖ style='letter-spacing:2.65pt'> Dr Envi ronment Imp R (―D EIR ‖) at 1.2-1. style='font-size:8.0pt;position:relative;top:-5.5pt'>1  The pro posed

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2 Plan ―rep res a ans portation l use blu eprint h the B style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ay Area add resses its

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3 tr ansportation mobility and acc ty n eeds, land developm ent, and greenhouse g as emissions

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4 r eduction requi rements throu gh t he ye ar 20 40.‖  Id. style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> It is the style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> first style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> B style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ay Area style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> RTP to incorpor an

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5 SCS.

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6 47.       As stat in EIR, ― [t]he Plan aims a focused gro style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>by building off of

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7 loc l y-i dentifi ed Priori style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ty D evelopm ent Ar eas and by emp hasi zing st style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>rat egic investments in the

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8 re anspor tation network (including a stro ng emph asis on operati ng and maintaining the

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9 existing system).‖  DE 1. 2-20.

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10 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 48.       The Plan e to con ce ntrate and job growth a reas ― style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>Priori style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ty

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11 Development style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> Ar eas,‖ which style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> are style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> e xisting n ghbo rhoods, nominat by lo cal style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> jurisdi with

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12 access tr a ped estri an-f ri endly enviro nment. This ate gy is int ended ― enh anc ]

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13 mobility and economic growth by linking housing and jobs with transit to c reate a style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>more ef ficient

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14 land use p attern around tr ansit and help achieve a gr eater return on e xisting n ansit

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15 investments.‖ style='letter-spacing:.9pt'> D EIR style='letter-spacing:.55pt'> at style='letter-spacing:.45pt'> 1.2 -24-25.

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16 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 49.       The tr ansportation investment at egy the is ed ―suppo the

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17 proposed Plan‘s go by redu ci ng automobile de pend cy and promoting h communities

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18 through r educ pollution and a ner a ir.‖  D style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>EIR style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> at style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> 1.2-37.  Among inv estments proposed style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> by

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19 the Plan regional transit sys tem improvements (in cluding BART and Caltr ain extensions), local

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20 transit imp rovements, road pricing improv ements, highway style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>system improvements (including the

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21 widening of particular highw style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ays, and the cre ation of new interch an ge s).

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style='color:red'>22 50.       Only a sm all perc enta ge of fundi ng of the Plan is dire cted to innovations in the

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23 transpo rtation infrastr uctur e.  MTC estimat es that approxim ately $292 billion in revenue will be

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24 available th rou year 2040 style='font-size:8.0pt;position:relative;top:-5.5pt'>.  The majori style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ty of these funds are al rea style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>dy dedic ated to particular uses,

25 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 1 The r aft Environment al Impa ct Report was rel eas public comm ent on April 2, 2013, and contains the proj ect des cription and overview of P lan ay r ea, as w ell as the substantive ana style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>lysis

26 of the environme im pacts the Plan. style='letter-spacing:2.3pt'> The Fin Environm ental Impa R (― FE IR‖) as

rele as ed in Ju ly 2013 and contains r evisions to the DE IR, ell as the public comm ents and

27 responses to public comments.  Since the bulk of an l environ mental impacts is contained

in the DEIR, this P etition will ref er to the DEIR, unless othe rwise noted. 28

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Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            12


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style='position:absolute;z-index:-84;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'>p rimari ly in transportation oper ations and maintenance. style='letter-spacing:3.0pt'> On style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>ly $21 billion, or 7% of total funds, will

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2 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> be used for t ransport ation exp ansion.

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3 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 51.       The Plan continues to expand high wa ys, and age ncy proj ections show that daily

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4 v ehicle trips and miles t rav elled will increase und Pla n. The Plan includes some 194 projects

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5 that incr ease fr eew style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ay la ne-miles, at a cost of appro ximate ly $5.4 billion. Among the r oadw style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ay

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6 capaci style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ty in cre as propo sed under Plan the R gional Exp La nes etwor k,‖ which ―builds

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7 n g h-o ccup c y/toll (H OT) la nes on many of the r egion‘s most cong ested freew style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ay corrido rs.‖

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8 DEIR at 2.1-25.  Highway wideni ng proje cts are r esponsible for the r emaind the freeway

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9 cap aci style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ty in cre as es.  Under the Plan, dai style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly vehicle trips are expe cted to increase by 22%.  Dai style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly

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10 vehicle av elled a re e xpected to increase by 20%.

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11 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 52.       The EIR shows that under the Plan, throu gh 2040, there will be an in cre ase in

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12 5,571,000 metric tons of gr eenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector.  This repres ents a

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13 21% inc re ase from present conditions.  Yet the EIR improp erly as serts that there will be a dec rease

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14 in emissions from p g er vehicl es ov er time style='color:red'>.   It do es so by cr editing em style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>issions redu ctions f rom

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15 sep a te state emissions redu ction pr ogr ams.  The EIR factors in emissions reductions from

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16 Assemb style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly 1 493 ―P avle clean c st andar ds, which et pro essive g reenhouse gas emissions

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17 ca style='color:red'>ps for passe ng er vehic les and light tru The EIR also fa ctors in emissions from E xecutive

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18 Ord S -01-07, which es tablished lo w- style='color:red;letter-spacing:.05pt'>carbon fu st andard (― LC FS‖) which et go style='color:red;letter-spacing:-.05pt'>als edu ce the

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19 ca style='color:red'>rbon int ty of trans portation fuels.

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style='color:red'>20 53.       The EIR also shows that style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> under the Plan, throu gh 2040, there will be an style='color:red'>incr ease in

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21 6,769,000 metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions from va rious l and uses (i.e., residential use, and

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22 commercial, o ffice and industrial use s). style='letter-spacing:3.0pt'> This rep res ents a 28% incr ea se from present conditions.

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23 Only by app style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>lyi ng ions edu f the R c Board ( ―AR B‖) Climate Cha nge

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24 Scoping ―S coping ‖) implementing C rnia Global W style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>Solutions Act ( ―AB

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25 32‖), a re the agen able to style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> account for red uctions as claimed in the E  The ARB Scoping Plan

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26 measures included in the DE IR‘s calcu lations are: en er gy effici en style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>cy pr og rams (utility en er gy

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27 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> efficie ncy pro gr ams, building and appli ance stand e fficien style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>cy and con serv ation pr og rams), heat 28

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style='position:relative;z-index:-82'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-81;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'> and combin ed power use p ams, ren ab les portfolio standards, solar roof pro ams, solar water

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2 heating fill meth ane control.

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3 54.       The same pr ograms (Pavle y, LC FS, and AB 32 Scoping Me es) are t aken into

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4 consider en an l yzing ether the Plan meets the go of Ex ecutive Order S-3 -05 (June 1,

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5 2005) and Ex ecutive Order B-16 -2012 (M ch 23, 2012). E xecutive rd er S-3 e co gniz ed the

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6 need to r edu ce gr eenhouse gas emissions to comb at the effects of climate change, and set the

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7 following targets issions ed uctions: ― by 2 010, r educe GHG emissions 2000 els; by

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8 2020, redu G to 1990 lev els; by 2050 to 80 per below style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> 1990 lev els.‖  Ex ecutive

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9 O rder B -16 -2012 r ec ogni zed the importance of e ncoura ging e velopm ent and adoption of z ero

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10 emissions vehicl and a ―C rnia t ar get for 2050 redu of gre gas emissions

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11 from the tr ansportation sector style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> eq ualing 80 perc less style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> than 1990 style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> lev els.‖  Without redu f rom

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12 Pavley, L CFS and AB 3 2, land use and transport ation emissions in the re gion are expected to

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13 increas e, and the Plan does not me et the targ ets set forth in these e xecutive ord   Furthe rmor e,

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14 even with these r educti ons being tak en into acco unt, the Plan will f adequ ly contribute to

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15 meeting the ex ecutive order t arg ets.

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16 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 55.       The Plan situ ey de velopm ents in ar eas that a re subj ect to sea lev el rise.

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17 Accordi ng to the EIR, t ransportation investments, l and use developments and residenti al areas will

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18 be subj ect to sea lev el ris Plan propos es some mitigation measures to addr ess sea el rise,

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19 but states th at ultimate responsibility for implementing mitig ations rests upon other loc al

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20 agencies.

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21 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 56.       Signifi cant con cerns r em ain about the viability of the PDAs proposed by the Plan.

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22 The Plan do es little to gu ant style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ee that transportation se es and improve ments to serve the PDAs

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23 will be adopte will be able to continue w here they curr ly e xist.  For example, some e as

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24 designa ted as PDAs, such as Tr eas ure Isl and, the Alameda N aval/Air Station, Vall ejo and Ben ici a,

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25 do not curr ly ha ve a ccess to varied and robust fo rms of public transit, and transit capa ty will

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26 need to be in cr eas er to serve these area s.  S ever al PD As are loc ated in coast-adj acent areas

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27 that are vulner able to sea el rise, as well as f rom earthquake ha zards. style='letter-spacing:3.0pt'> Additional ly, sev er al PD As

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28 are loc adj acent to important natural r esourc es, and raise conc erns that they will affe ct the health

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Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            14


1 style='position:relative;z-index:-80'>

style='position:relative;z-index:-79'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-78;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'>of those resou rces.  For e xampl e, the New ark/D umbarton PDA is located in the plann ed e xpansion

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2 ea for the Don Edwards N ational Wildlife Refu ge.  Still other PDAs r aise conc about the

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3 f easibili ty of implementing the housi ng str ate gy proposed by the Plan style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> – for e xampl e, the PDA in

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4 Brisbane is cur rent style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly on ly zon new industrial developm ent, and the addition of new housing

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5 will require a popul ar vote, raising si gnifi cant con about the implementation of the PD A.

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6 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 57.       The Plan also cr eates the risk of displacement of lo w-in communities.

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7 Ac cordi ng to the Equity An al ysis cond ucted by MTC and style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> ABA G, the Plan would incr ea se the risk

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8 style='color:red'>of displ acement to overbu rden ed r rs by 36%.  A of the are as identified for d ev elopment

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9 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> as PDAs – such as Chin atown, B style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ayvi ew/Hunters Point, the Mission Di strict, and ar eas identified f or

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10 development in Ri chmond and along major corrido rs in East Oakland – h ave histo al style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly hou sed

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11 rente rs, and have been home to long-standin g, low -income communities of color.  The es not

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12 e style='color:red'>nsure that affo rd able housing will remain ac cessible to these communities, the re style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>by cre ating risk

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13 that members of these communities will be displaced to subur ban areas which are further f rom

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14 robust public tr ansportation systems.  When they do not have re dy a ccess to transit, the low-income

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15 members of these communities tend to depend on older vehicl es, with gre ater lev els of emissions,

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16 for their dai style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>ly tr ansport ation needs.  This movem ent will necessa ly have environmental impacts.

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17 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 58.       There is ve style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ry little consideration of goods movement in the Plan or EI style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>R, de spite

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18 MTC‘s 2004 and 2009 studies p extensive info rmation about projected incre ases in goods

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19 movement th gh the region, the n egative he alth ef fe cts of goods movem ent, and the need f or

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20 mitigations for the ef fe goods movement.  This is in style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> mark ed contr to the regional plan

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21 crea ted by the Southern Califo rnia Associ ation of Governments, which in cludes a detailed

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22 description of goods movement in the project de scription, a detailed an l ysis of goods movem ent

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23 through the region, and proposes a vari ty of mitigation measures to ad dre ss the environmental and

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24 health effects of goods movement.

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25 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 59.       The alter native proposals consid ed by the age ncies pf orm bett an the Plan in a

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26 variety w style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ays. style='letter-spacing:2.3pt'> For e xampl the E identifi style='color:red'>Altern 5, the Environment, Equi ty Jobs‖

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27 alternative as environment ly superior alt ernative in la rge part its er G HG

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28 emissions r eductions and estimated r eduction in criteria and T AC [to xic air contaminants] emissions.

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1 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>

style='position:relative;z-index:-76'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-75;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'>. .‖ DE E S-11, 3.1-148. style='letter-spacing:2.6pt'> Altern 3, ―T Prio ty F ocus‖ Altern ative, and

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2 Alternative 5, both have low ev els of v ehicle miles tr avell ed than the Pr oposed Plan.  Alternative

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3 5 has the low est amount of v ehicle miles tra vell ed, at 2 perc er than the pro posed P style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>lan.

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4 Alternative 5 also has the g reatest transportation r idership than any other pl an, 6 perc ent more than

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5 the propos ed Plan.    Altern ative 5 is also expected to r educe more anspor tation and land use

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6 greenhouse gas es than the proposed Planunder Altern ative 5, GHG emissions are expected to

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7 decline by 14 pe rcent betwe en 2010 and 2040, which is a two p ercent gre decline th he

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8 proposed Plan.

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9 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 60.       Adopting the ―Env ironment, Equity and Jobs‖ alt ative d ramatical style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly inc re ase

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10 transit se le vel s, and will result in a number of gible b enefits, including: 83,500 fewer cars

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11 on the ro ad; 3.5 million fewer miles of auto travel per day; 165,000 more p riding public transit

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12 per d ay; and 1,900 few er tons of carbon dioxide emissions per day 6 8,000 fewer tons of

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13 g reenhouse gas emissions per y ear style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>.2

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14 IV.       Public ro cess Leading to App roval of Plan Bay A rea

15 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 61.       ABAG and MTC formally initiated the scoping pro cess for Plan Bay Ar ea on June

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16 11, 2012, en ag encies sent py the of Prep ation ( ―NO style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>P‖) the State

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17 Clearinghouse within the California fi ce of Planning and Resea rch.

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18 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 62.       During the period leading up to the approval of Pl B style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ay A rea and the certific ation of

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19 its EIR, A BAG and MTC held a number of public rkshops and public hearin gs.

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20 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 63.       The r aft E IR for Plan B ay A rea as rele as ed on Ap ril 2, 2013.  Despite re ceiving a

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21 number of re quests from org aniz ations and individuals to e xtend the comment pe riod, in order to

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22 fully a na ly ze the voluminous EIR, MTC and ABAG refus ed to extend the comment p e yond

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23 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> the minimum 45-d ay p eriod requir by A. 24

25

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26

style='font-size:6.5pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";position:relative; top:-4.5pt'>2 style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>In fact, he act im pro ve me over t Plan l ike ly be as these nu mbe rs a re un derest imat es because t his

style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";position:relative; top:-3.0pt'>27     alte rnat ive was m odeled diffe style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>rent ly t han t plan.

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28

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Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            16


1

style='position:relative;z-index:-73'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-72;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'>64.       A BAG and MTC discussed the E IR during al style='letter-spacing:.25pt'> public hearings. style='letter-spacing:3.0pt'> The se h earin gs

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

2 culminat ed on Ju ly 18, 2013 in a joint A BAG/M TC heari ng to approve the Final Plan and the Final

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3 EIR.

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4 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 65.       Petition er Communiti for a B etter Environment submitted comm ents to the

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5 EIR, and made commen ts during public h eari ngs on the E   It m ade co mments on its own behalf,

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6 and also as part of the 6 Wins Networ the concerns rai sed in its comments w ere: the EIR‘s

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7 ana style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>lysis of greenhouse gas emissions, con cerns about style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> sea-lev el ris e, the EIR‘s failu re to anl yze

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

8 goods movement issues, the EI R‘s f ailure to ade quate ly ana style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>ly style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ze alt ern ative pro such as the

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9 ―Environm Equi ty and Jobs‖ alt ativ the E ce C EQA, ansp ortation

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

10 funding un der the Plan, and the Pl an‘s eff ects on displ acement.

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11 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 66.       Petition rra Club submitted written comments to the EIR. Amo ng the issues

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12 raised in its comments were: concerns about the exp ansion of highway lan es, conc erns about the

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13 insuffici ent investm ent in public transport ation, c oncerns about the vi ty of Priori style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ty Dev elopment

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

14 Areas, conc erns about Priority Conse rvation Areas, and conc erns about the EIR‘s f ailure to

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15 adequate style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>ly ana style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>ly ze alter native proposals, such as the ―Environm Equi style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>ty Jobs‖ alternativ e.

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16 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 67.       During the ritten m ri od and public hearings on the E IR, Caltra ns and

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17 various o rgani zations and individuals comm about the planning ag encie s‘ obligation to

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18 consider ― mov ement‖ as part the Plan, as ell as public h other

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19 concerns associated with truck traffic and other modes of ansport ation.

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20 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 68.       Various groups, such as the Chinatown Community D evelopm ent Center and Public

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21 Advoc ates on behalf of a coalition of groups also commented on the risks of displ acement cr ea ted by

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22 the Plan, ell as the environme ntal eff ects of su c ement.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

23 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 69.       During Joint A and me on June 2013, issue ―Goods

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24 Movement al L ands‖ as aised as ―Additional Initiative‖ a nd/or ―Priority f or Pl an

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25 Bay Area style='letter-spacing:.35pt'> Imp style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>lement ation.‖  Ac cordi ng to the a gen su implem measures should style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> be

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

26 ― added the fi nal Plan B style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ay Area as ey are f or work by ABAG and MTC.‖

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

27 Specific l with esp ect mov industrial issues, ag en stat ―[t ]he

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

28 movement of e ight and the protection of prod uction and distribution f acilities has important

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Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            17


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style='position:relative;z-index:-70'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-69;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'> environmental, economic and ty implications for the region.  Buildi style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ng on MTC‘s Regional

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>2 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> Goods Move ment Study style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";letter-spacing: .05pt'>and related land use ana style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>lysis, MTC/ABAG will ev aluate the needs r elat ed to

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

3 d evelopm ent, stor age a nd movement of goods through our region and identify essential industrial

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4 areas style='letter-spacing:.3pt'> to suppo the style='letter-spacing:.4pt'> regi on‘s style='letter-spacing:.3pt'> economic style='letter-spacing:.3pt'> vita lit y.‖

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

5 70.       During a June 20, 2013 ABAG E xecutive Committee Meetin g, the committee voted

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

6 to include goods move ment and industrial l ands issues as a me asure that would be part of the Plan

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

7 Bay Are a.

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8 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 71.       The la ngu age add to the acknowl edg that ―the movement fre ig ht, and the

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9 p ction of production and distribution businesses ha ve import ant envir onmental, economic and

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

10 equity impli for the re gion.‖  Summary Major Revisions style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> and Corr to the Draft Pl an

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

11 Bay Are a, pp. 28 -29 (July 2013). style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> Yet, the Plan app ears to take few pr acti cal measur es to deal with

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

12 the expected in creas es in goods movement and de al with the eff ects of these increas es, other than to

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13 state that the a ge ncies will work with local businesses and jurisdictions, and other a ge style='letter-spacing:.3pt'>ncies, to

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

14 identify fundi ng, update study information and develop best pra ctic Despite this inclusion of

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15 goods mov ement lan gu age in the Plan, the style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>EIR contains no discussion in p ct description of

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

16 projected incr ea ses in the volume of goods mov em ent throu gh loc ansp ortation hubs, no

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17 meaningful ana style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>lysis of goods movement trends, and no an l ysis of how g oods movement measures

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18 might inte ract with other aspe cts of the Plan.   Fur thermo re, d espite having h en efit of the

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19 goods mov ement studies previous ly prep ared by MTC, the E IR does not contain any of the findi ngs

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20 from those studies regar ding goods movement trends, the environmental impacts of goods

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

21 movement, or miti gation measur es that w ere e xplored in those studi es.

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22 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 72.       The Final EIR was rel eas ed in Ju ly 2013, prior to the final public he aring on the Plan

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

23 and EIR.

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24 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 73.       On Thursd style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ay, July 18, 2013, ABAG and MTC he ld a joint hearing to app rove the

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25 Final Plan and the Final EIR.  The he aring w as ov ev en hours long, and in the early hours of July

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

26 19, 2013, the ag enc ies agreed to adopt the Plan and certify the style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>EIR.

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27 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 74.       The Notice of D rmin ation for B style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ay Area w as filed on Friday, July 19, 2013. 28

style='font-size:5.0pt'>

Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            18


1 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>

style='position:relative;z-index:-67'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-66;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'>75.       The final revisions to the Plan were r a sed in August 2013.  There ap pe ar to be

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

2 discrep an cies b etwe en some of the figu res s et for th in the Final EIR and the final revisions to the

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

3 Plan, which hi i ght how the age ncies have rushed through the public pr ocess and towards appro val

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

4 of the Pl an.

style='font-size:8.0pt'>

5 FIRST CAUSE OF ACTION

style='font-size:8.0pt'>

6 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> Violation of CEQA – Public R esources Code Sections 21000 eq.

and the CEQA Gui del ines, Cal. Code of Regs., Tit. 14, S ections 15000 et seq.

7

ABAG and MTC Fail ed to Provi de In for mati on upon Which Conclusions A re Based

8

76. Petition re -alleg e, as if ful style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly set forth hein, e ach and ev ry all egation contained 9

in the preceding p aragra phs. 10

77. The poli cy un der style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>lyi ng CEQA to ―d evelop maintain hi gh -qu ality environme nt 11

now and in the e, a nd take all action necess ary to protect, re habilit and enha nce the 12

environmental quality of style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> the stat  (C al. Pub. R es. § 21001(a  Un der style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> CEQ A, an EIR style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> must 13

―info governm ent d ecisio n-mak t he p ublic the potential, signifi environmental 14

effe of propos activiti es,‖ and ―id fy wa that environ mental damage can be avoided or 15

significantly r educed .‖   (Cal. style='letter-spacing:.25pt'> Code style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> Re tit. style='letter-spacing:.25pt'> 14, § style='letter-spacing:.25pt'> 15002.) 16

78. To fulfill these ctiv es, CEQA equir that an E pro vide an ― ana style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>lyti cal style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly 17

style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";letter-spacing: -.05pt'>compl coh ent style='letter-spacing:.25pt'> e xplan ation‖ of its style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> conclusions.  (Vine Ar Citiz for style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> Responsible

18

Growth v. of cho (2007) C al. 412, 439-40.) style='letter-spacing:2.25pt'> ―The data EIR not 19

only be su fficient in quantity, it must be pr esented in a mann er calcul ated to adequ ly inform the 20

public and d ecision makers, style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> who may be previous ly familiar with style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> the details of the project.‖ style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> ( Id. 21

at 442.)  Mo reo ver, EIR that purports to r ely upon a future ana style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>lysis or that does not prop ly 22

inco ate or r efe ren ce a a rate style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>ly p erfo rmed an al ysis does not adequ ate ly info rm the public.  style='letter-spacing:.35pt'>(Id.

23

at 440-41, s also Cal. R gs. 14, 15151 (providing EIR contain ―a 24

sufficient de gr ee of an l ysis to provide decisio n-mak ers with information which en ables them to 25

make a d ecision style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> which style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> intelli gent style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>ly tak account style='letter-spacing:.3pt'> of environmental style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> con se quen ‖); Laurel Heights

26

I e ment Ass’n v. Regents of the Univ. of Cal. (1988) 47 Cal. 3d 376, 404, intern al citation 27

omitted (―the must disclosure of the a na style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>lyt style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ic route the . ag en style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>cy tr aveled from evide nce to 28

style='font-size:14.0pt'>

Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            19


1 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>

style='position:relative;z-index:-64'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-63;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'> action‖ .) l ―information scatt er h ere and in EIR app endic or report buried in

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

2 an app is not a substitute for a good faith re asoned ana style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>lysis.‖  (Vin ey ard, 40 Cal. style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> 4th at 442.)

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

3 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 79.       The EIR for the Proje ct f ails to properly info rm the public and de cision makers of the

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

4 basis for its co nclusions.  These failu res include, but a re not limited to, the g:

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

style='color:red'>5 a)         A failu re to provide ade quate information regardi ng style='color:red;letter-spacing:-.05pt'>fundi ng and

style='font-size:9.5pt;color:red'>

6 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> implementation for the transport ef orms that are pro pos ed under the

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

7 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> Plan, including anspor tation rrms intended to serve the Priority

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

8 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> Development A reas.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

9 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> b)         A f ailure to provide information reg arding the fea sibility of, and

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

10 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> implementation of, miti gation measures to combat the eff ects of de velopm ent

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

11 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> in areas subje ct to sea-l evel rise.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

style='color:red'>12 c)         A failu re to proper style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>ly an y style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ze the environmental imp he miles of new

style='font-size:9.5pt;color:red'>

13 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> fr eew style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ay la nes added in t he Plan.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

14 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> d)         A f ailure to an l yze the environme ntal eff ects of style='color:red'>goods movement measures

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

15 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> and their inte ation into the RTP.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

16 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> e)         A failu re to include, con sider and a na ly ze the information on goods move ment

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

17 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> in MTC‘s 2004 and 2009 r eports on goods movement.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

18 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> f)         The E IR fails to present in an ad equ ly informa tive mann er the assumptions

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

19 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> upon which its land use and emissions modeling is bas ed.   Instead of cle ly

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

20 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> and cohe rent style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly explaining the assumptions contained in l and use and

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

21 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> e style='color:red'>missions models such as EMFAC and U rb anSim—with respect to issues

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

22 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> such as mod eling for as pects of goods movement—or modeling emissions

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

23 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> reductions ach iev ed from LCFS and P avl style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ey, the EIR leaves the public

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

24 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> scrambling betw een the DEIR, t he E IR es ponses to comm ents, vari ous

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

25 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> appendices, and explan ar ate and ap art f rom the One Bay Ar ea

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

26 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> website to understand the basis for the modeli ng done to anl ze the

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

27 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> environme ntal impacts of the Plan. 28

style='font-size:5.0pt'>

Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            20


1 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>

style='position:relative;z-index:-61'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-60;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'> g)         The E IR contains misleading and unsuppor ted con clusions that there will be

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

2 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> no environme gnif ican ce from the Plan‘s effects on gr eenhouse g as

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

3 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> emissions in the t ransportation sector.  When an al yzi ng the Plan‘s effects on

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

4 greenhouse gas emissions traje ctories, the EIR looks at emissions from

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

5 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> various v ehicle classes (i.e., passeng er vehicl es, tru cks, buses), and then

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

6 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> subtracts emissions redu ctions that will be achieved f rom measu res

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

7 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> implemented s epa rate ly from the Plan, such Low Carbon F uel Standard

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

8 and P ey an Car standards. style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> It is only these r eductions from other

style='font-size:9.5pt;color:red'>

style='color:red'>9 progr ams that result in a finding that tr ansport g reenhouse gas emissions

style='font-size:9.5pt;color:red'>

style='color:red'>10 will decline by 2040.  H owev er, the E es it app ear th at the reduction in

style='font-size:9.5pt;color:red'>

style='color:red'>11 g style='color:red;letter-spacing:.05pt'>reenhouse gas emissions is due to the Plan itself.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

12 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> h)         Like wis e, the E IR conta ins misleading co nclusions that there will be no

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

13 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> environme gnif ica nce from the Plan‘s eff in its analysis of

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

14 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> greenhouse gas emissions in the land use ctor.  When ana ly zing the Pla n‘s

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

15 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> effe cts on gr eenhouse g as emissions trajectori es, the E IR looks style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>at emissions

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

16 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> from hous eholds, comm ercial, office and industrial l and uses, and then

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

17 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> subtracts emissions that will be achieved thro ugh AB 32 Scopi ng Plan

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

18 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> reductions.   It is only these reductions from other programs th esult in a

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

19 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> finding that land use g reenhouse gas emissions will decline by 2040.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

style='color:red'>20 Howev er, the EIR makes it app at the reduct style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ion in gre enhouse gas

style='font-size:9.5pt;color:red'>

21 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> e style='color:red'>missions is due to the Plan its elf.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

22 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> i)          The EIR also contains m style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>isleading conclusions regarding the eff ects of the

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

23 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> Plan on displacement of low -income and minority communities, and also

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

24 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> contains misl eading con clusions reg arding alt ernativ s‘ abili style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ty to mitigate

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

25 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> displacement risks.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

26 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 80.       These failur es precluded informed decisio n-maki ng, including the info rm ed

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

27 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> comparison of reasona ble altern atives to the Project. 28

style='font-size:5.0pt'>

Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            21


1 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>

style='position:relative;z-index:-58'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-57;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'>81.       The a ge ncies‘ a ction cer tif ying the Proje ct‘s E IR without providing proper

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

2 information to support their conclusions constitutes a pr ejudicial abuse of disc retion, since th style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>ey

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

3 failed to proceed in the manner required by CEQA.

style='font-size:8.0pt'>

4 SECOND C AUSE OF AC TION

5 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> Violation of CEQA - Public esou rces Code Sections 21000 et s eq. and the Gui delin es, Cal. Code of Regs., Tit. 14, Sections 15000 et seq.

6

ABAG and MTC Fail ed to Provi de a Clear nd Accu rate Pro je ct De scri ption

7

82. Petition re -alleg e, as if ful style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly set forth herein, e ach and ev ry all egation contained

8

in the pr ecedi ng parag raphs. 9

83. CEQA is a e hensive statute design ed to p rovide for long-te rm prot ion of the 10

environme nt.   In e nacti ng CEQ A, the st ate Le l d eclar ed its intention that all public agen cies 11

responsible style='letter-spacing:1.55pt'> for style='letter-spacing:1.55pt'> regulati ng a affecting style='letter-spacing:1.35pt'> the style='letter-spacing:1.7pt'> environme give style='letter-spacing:1.55pt'> prime consideration style='letter-spacing:1.95pt'> ―to 12

preventing environme nt al damag e, while providing a de cent home and satis fyi ng living environment 13

for eve style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ry Califo rnian.‖  (C Pub. R § style='letter-spacing:.25pt'> 21000( g).) 14

84. To this en equ ires that an EIR include a cle ar and ac cur roj ect 15

description and that the nature and objective of a proj ect be fully disclosed and fly e valuat ed in 16

the EIR. style='letter-spacing:2.05pt'> Spe al style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>ly, an E proje de scription des ―[ stat of obj ectives 17

sought by p ropos proje ct,‖ which ―should the und l ying purpose the roj ect.‖ style='letter-spacing:2.65pt'> (C al. 18

Code Regs. style='letter-spacing:1.1pt'> tit. 14, style='letter-spacing:1.05pt'> § 15 124(b).)  ―A style='letter-spacing:1.05pt'> clear style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly w st atement style='letter-spacing:1.05pt'> of obje ctives style='letter-spacing:1.2pt'> will style='letter-spacing:1.1pt'> help the style='letter-spacing:1.05pt'> lead style='letter-spacing:1.05pt'> ag en cy 19

develop a reasona ble ran ge of alt ern atives to evaluate in the EIR and will aid the d ecision makers in 20

preparing findin or style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> a stat ement of over riding conside if nec r y.‖  (  T he E must 21

also contain[ ge ner d es of the projec t‘s t al, economi and environmental 22

chara ristics, considering ri ncipal en gine ering proposals if a style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>ny and supporting public service

23

facilities.‖ (Cal. Code R gs. 14, 15124(c).) style='letter-spacing:2.4pt'> An ―a ccu rat stable and p roje description 24

style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>is the sine qua non of info rmative and l egal style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly suffi EIR.‖  (County of Inyo v. City of Los

25

Ang eles, (1977) 71 Cal. App. 3d 185, 192 ).

26

85. The EIR approv by A BAG and MTC f ails to provide a cle ar and a ccu rate 27

description of the Proj ect, in violation of CEQA.  For e xampl e: 28

style='font-size:14.0pt'>

Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            22


1 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>

style='position:relative;z-index:-55'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-54;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'> a)         The proje des of the EIR not a ccu rat e, stable and finite‖ in the

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

2 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> EIR and responses to c omments, the agencies have fail ed to consistently r er

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

3 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> to the Plan as an RTP or an SCS.  The an al ysis c hang es b etwe en a na ly zing the

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

4 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> SCS as a distin ct and anal yzi ng the RTP.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

5 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> b)         Despite ev entu al approv al of goods movement lan gu age in the final Plan,

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

6 and feder al r ements that RTPs integr ate goods movement measures, t he

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

style='color:red'>7 proje ct description of the style='color:red;letter-spacing:.05pt'>EIR fa ils to contain any discussion of goods

style='font-size:9.5pt;color:red'>

style='color:red'>8 movement.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

9 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 86.       In respondi ng to CBE‘s comm aising its con cerns with the treatm ent of goods

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

10 movement under the B AG M TC that the Plan includes ―sp ecific T rade

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

11 Corridor style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> Improv Fund style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> (T CI proje cts,‖ that style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> were identified style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> throu MTC‘s style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> 2004 2009

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

12 goods mov ement a na style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>lys es.  Howev er, no ne of these proj ects are discussed style='color:red;letter-spacing:.1pt'>in the p ct description.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

13 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 87.       The a ge ncies also conte nd that p roposed e dy includ ―n umerous

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

14 projects th provide be nefits mov ement,‖ ―grade s epa rations, investm at the

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

15 Oakland my B as gi ng in Contra Costa Coun style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ty se rving the Port of Stockton, highw style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ay

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

16 improvements such style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> as tru lan and proj ects style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> th improve freew style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ay o pe rations.‖  Yet none of th ese

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

17 measures are ess ed individually or colle ctively in the project description.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

18 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 88.       The failure to d escribe the Project a ccu rate ly pre vented the EIR from includin g,

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

19 among other gs, an accu rate ana style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>lysis and discussion of environme ntal impacts from the

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

20 proposal, appro pri g as ures, and c onsideration of a reasona ble r an ge of alt ern atives to

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

21 the Project.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

22 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 89.       These omissions prevent the E IR f rom mee style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ting CEQ A‘s goals of providing an

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

23 ― ac curate, st fini te proj ect des cription,‖ a nd prev the from b ly ap praised of

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

24 the environme ntal impac ts of the proposed Plan.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

25 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 90.       The ag en cies‘ a ction cer tif ying the E IR without an adequ ate proj ect descri ption

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

26 constitutes a ejudi cial abuse of disc retion, since they ail ed to p ro the er requir by

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

27 CEQA.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

28

style='font-size:14.0pt'>

Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            23


1 style='left:0px;position:absolute;left:85px;top:-1px;width:7px;height:1058px'> style='position:relative;z-index:-52'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-51;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'>THIRD CAUSE OF ACTION

style='font-size:8.0pt'>

2 Violation of CEQA (Public esou rces Code Sections 21000 et s eq.

and the CEQA Gui del ines, Cal. Code of Regs., Tit. 14, S ections 15000 et seq.

3

ABAG and MTC Fail ed to Evaluate Enviro nmental Effects of Proposed Pr oje ct

4

91. Petition re -alleg e, as if ful style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly set forth hein, e ach and ev ry all egation contained 5

in the pr ecedi ng parag raphs. 6

92. An EIR intend to ―info oth governm agen the gen al style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>ly 7

of the environmental style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> imp act of style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> a propos pr e ct.‖  (C Code Re tit. 14, §15003( ).  The

8

obligation to the impacts of p articul ―p ct‖ reinfo rced the guidelines go verni ng 9

evaluation of the s ignifi can ce of impacts from g reenhouse g as emissions. (C al. Code Regs. tit. 14, 10

§15064.4(b )). 11

93. The EIR approv by MTC and ABAG fails to evaluate the environm ental effects style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> of 12

the project, Plan B style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ay Ar ea, in violation of CEQA.  For e xampl e: 13

a) The EIR fails to focus its an l ysis on the Plan‘s e ffe cts on greenhouse gas 14

emissions in the t ransportation sector.  When an al yzi ng the Plan‘s effects on 15

greenhouse gas emissions traje ctories, the EIR looks at emissions from 16

various v ehicle classes (i.e., passeng er vehicl es, tru cks, buses), and then 17

subtra cts emissions r eductions that will be achiev style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ed from measures 18

implemented s epa rate ly from the Plan, such Low Carbon F uel Standard 19

and Pavley an Car standards. style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> It is only these r eductions from other 20

programs that r esult in a finding that tr ansport g reenhouse gas emissions 21

will decline by 2040.  H owev er, the E es it app ear th at the reduction in 22

greenhouse gas emissions is due to the Plan itself.

23

b) The EIR fails to focus its an l ysis on the Plan‘s eff ects in its analysis of 24

greenhouse gas emissions in the land use ctor.  When an al yzi ng the Plan‘s 25

effe cts on gr eenhouse g as emissions trajectori es, the E IR looks at emissions 26

from households, comm ercial, office and industrial l and uses, and then 27

subtracts emissions that will be achieved thro ugh AB 32 Scoping Plan 28

style='font-size:14.0pt'>

Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            24


1 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>

style='position:relative;z-index:-49'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-48;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'>r eductions.  It is only these reductions from other programs th esult in a

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

2 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> finding that land use g reenhouse gas emissions will decline by 2040.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

3 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> However, the EIR makes it app at the reduct style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ion in gre enhouse gas

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

4 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> emissions is due to the Plan itself.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

5 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> c)         The E IR misinforms the public by stati ng that the trajecto style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>ry of the plans

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

6 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> greenhouse gas es emissions complies with E xecutive rd er S-3 -05 and

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

7 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> Executive O rder B-16 -2012; and other laws and policies aimed at attaining

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

8 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> greenhouse gas emissions redu ctions.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

9 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 94.       These failur es precl uded informed decision -making re gardi ng the eff ects of the Plan,

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

10 including the in for med comparison of r easona ble altern atives to the Projec t.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

11 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 95.       The ag en cies‘ action certi fyi ng the Project‘s E IR without providing proper

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

12 information to support their conclusions constitut es a pr ejudicial abuse of disc retion, since th style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>ey

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

13 failed to proceed in the manner required by CEQA.

style='font-size:8.0pt'>

14 FOURTH C AUSE OF ACTION

style='font-size:8.0pt'>

15 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> Violation of CEQA - Public esou rces Code Sections 21000 et s eq.

and the CEQA Gui del ines, Cal. Code of Regs., Tit. 14, style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> Sections 15000 et seq.

16

ABAG and MTC P rovid mp roper D esc ription of the Baseline Con ditions.

17

96. Petition re -alleg e, as if ful style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly set forth hein, e ach and ev ry all egation contained 18

in the pr ecedi ng parag raphs. 19

97. The baseline is the starting point from which to measure w hether an impact may be 20

environme ntally si gnific ant.  To this end, CEQA and its implementing gu idelin equire th at an EIR 21

―include des of the ph ysic envi ronment conditions the vicini ty of proje as ey 22

exist at the time the noti ce of pre par ation is published, or, if no noti ce of prep ation is published, at

23

the time environme ntal an al ysis is commenc ed, from both a local and re gion rsp ectiv e.  This 24

environme ntal setting will normally constitute the baseline h al conditions by whi ch a ad 25

agency d rmin w hether an act s style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ignifi cant.‖ (C Code Re tit. § a).) ―The 26

EIR must demonstr ate th at the significant envi ronment cts of the proposed pro style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ject were 27

style='font-size:10.0pt'>

28

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Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            25


1 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>

style='position:relative;z-index:-46'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-45;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'> adequ ly investi gated and discussed and it must permit the si gnific f fects of the project to be

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

2 considered style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> in the style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> full style='letter-spacing:.25pt'> en vironmental style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> conte xt.‖  (Id. § style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> 15125(c).)

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

3 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 98.       ABAG and MTC failed to prop ly de scribe the b aseline h al conditi ons in the

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4 EIR, and, as a resul t, the Proje ct‘s impacts could not be proper style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>ly und erstood.   In p ar, the flaws

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

5 in the EI R‘s b aseline de scription include, but are not limited to:

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6 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> a)         A failu re to describe the b aseline for goods movement curr ly oc curri ng in

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

style='color:red'>7 the ay r ea.  The E IR fa style='color:red'>ils to provide ny information on the volume of

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8 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> g style='color:red'>oods c urr ly through t he B style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ay Ar ea region, and therefore, int erf eres

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

9 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> with understanding the environme ntal impacts that would result from the

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10 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> goods mov ement me asur es that have be en adopt ed as part of the plan.

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11 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 99.       The failure to prop ly d escribe the b aseline pr ev ented the EIR from style='letter-spacing:.25pt'> ad equ ately

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

12 investig ating and discussing the s ignifi cant environment cts of the proposed Proje ct, or from

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13 making a d rmin ation th at these eff ects are not signifi cant and/or will be mitigated to less than

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14 significant le vels.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

15 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 100.     The ag en cies‘ a ction cer tif ying the Proje ct‘s E IR without an ad equate des cription of

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16 the baseline constitutes a prejudicial abuse of disc retion, since they ail ed to pro ceed in the mann er

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17 required by A.

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18 F IFTH CAUSE OF ACTION

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19 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> Violation of CEQA (Public esou rces Code Sections 21000 et s eq.

and the CEQA Gui del ines, Cal. Code of Regs., Tit. 14, S ections 15000 et seq.

20

ABAG and MTC Failu ed to Evaluate the Sign ificant Environme style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>ntal Eff ects of the P roj ect

21

101. Petition re -alleg e, as if ful style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly set forth hein, e ach and ev ry all egation contained 22

in the e ceding p aragra phs.

23

102. An EIR must cl ear style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>ly ide ntify and fully an l ze the pro posed p roje gni ficant 24

environme ntal e ffe cts, in cluding direct and indirect si gnific f fects, giving due conside ration to 25

both short- and long-term effects.  (Pub. Res. Code §§ 21100(b ), 21002.1; Cal. Code Re gs. tit. 14, § 26

15126.2(a)   gnific ant style='letter-spacing:1.0pt'> effe on style='letter-spacing:1.0pt'> the environment‖ is d ed style='letter-spacing:1.0pt'> as style='letter-spacing:1.0pt'> ―a style='letter-spacing:1.1pt'> substanti al, or style='letter-spacing:1.0pt'> potenti ally 27

substanti erse cha nge in ny physic al conditions within the area affected style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>by t he proj ect 28

style='font-size:14.0pt'>

Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            26


1 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>

style='position:relative;z-index:-43'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-42;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'>including air, wat er, miner a, faun a, ambient noise, and objects of historic or a esthetic

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2 significan ce.‖  (C Code style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> Re tit. style='letter-spacing:.25pt'> 14, § style='letter-spacing:.25pt'> 15382.)

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

3 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 103.     The discussion of signif icant environmental impa cts should include:

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4 [R] ant specifics of the area, the resources involved, ph ysic a nges, alter ations to ecolog ical systems, and ch an ges induced in population distribution, popula style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>tion

5 concentr ation, the human use land (including commer cial and resid ential developm ent), health and safety problems caused by h ysic a nges, and other

6 aspects of the r esour ce base such as water, histo ri esou rces, scenic quali style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ty, and public servic es.  The E IR shall also anal yze a style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>ny si gnific ant environment al f ects the

7 project might cause by bringing dev elopment and people into the area affe cted.

Similar ly, the EIR should ev aluate ny potentially si gnificant impacts of locating

8 development in other are eptible to hazard ous conditions (e.g., floodplains, coastlines, wildfire risk are as) as identified in autho ritative ha zard maps, risk

9 assessments or in land u se plans addr such h az are as.

style='font-size:7.5pt'>

style='position:relative;top:1.0pt'>10     (Cal. Code R gs. tit. 14, § 15126.2 (a).)

style='font-size:8.0pt'>

style='position:relative;top:1.5pt'>11 104.     An EIR ―a fici d eg ree ana style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>lysis provide decisio style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>n-mak with

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12 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> information which enab les them to make a de cision which intelli gent style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>ly t akes account of

style='font-size:8.0pt'>

13 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> environme ntal conseq uen ces.‖  (C Code Re tit. 14, § 15151).   a statem of overridi ng

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14 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> consid ations supported by subst antial evidence in the record, p ublic ag en cies must refrain f rom

style='font-size:8.0pt'>

15 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> appro ving e cts with si gnificant environme ntal f ects if there are fe asible alternatives or

style='font-size:7.5pt'>

16 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> mitig asur es that can substanti ally l essen or avoid those eff ects. style='letter-spacing:3.0pt'> (C al. Code Regs. tit. 14 §§

style='font-size:8.0pt'>

17 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 15091, 15092). style='letter-spacing:3.0pt'> F ailure equ ly fy and an l yze all significant impa es the lead

style='font-size:7.5pt'>

18 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> ag encie s‘ abili style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ty to identify and ana style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>ly ze all feasib style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>le miti gation measures a nd alt ativ es.

style='font-size:8.0pt'>

style='position:relative;top:1.5pt'>19 105.     The EIR for the Project fai ls to ad equate style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>ly disclo se or eval uate a vari ty of si gnificant

style='font-size:7.5pt'>

20 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> environme ntal impacts including, but not limited to:

style='font-size:8.0pt'>

style='position:relative;top:1.5pt'>21 a)         The E IR fails to adequat ely disclose the si gnific ffe cts from the Plan‘s

style='font-size:7.5pt'>

style='position:relative;top:1.5pt'>22 ef fe ansport ation gr gas emissions throu gh 2040.   It is only by

style='font-size:8.0pt'>

style='position:relative;top:1.5pt'>23 subtra cting emissions re ductions that will be achi eved from measur es

style='font-size:7.5pt'>

style='position:relative;top:1.5pt'>24 implemented s epa rate ly from the Plan, such Low Carbon F uel Standard

style='font-size:8.0pt'>

style='position:relative;top:1.5pt'>25 and P ey an Car standard s, that the EIR con cludes that there will be no

style='font-size:7.5pt'>

style='color:red;position:relative;top:1.5pt'>26 signifi cant effects from transport ation greenhou se gas emission style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>s.  Without

style='font-size:8.0pt;color:red'>

style='color:red;position:relative;top:1.5pt'>27 these redu ctions, the Plan will r esult in an incre ase of 5,571,000 metric tons of

style='font-size:7.5pt;color:red'>

style='position:relative;top:1.5pt'>28 g style='color:red;letter-spacing:.05pt'>reenhouse gas emissions from the ansport ation s ector.  How ever, the EIR

style='font-size:14.0pt'>

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1

style='position:relative;z-index:-40'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-39;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'>f a style='letter-spacing:.3pt'>ly ze and/or ac curate style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>ly p res ent the impacts of the Plan alone on

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2 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> transport ation gr eenhouse gas emissions.

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3 b) The EIR fails to adequ ate ly disclose the signifi cant effects from the Plan‘s

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

4 effe cts on land use gree nhouse g as emissions through 2040.  It is only style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>by

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

5 subtracting emissions that will be a ed through AB 32 Scopi ng Plan

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

6 reductions, that the EIR concludes that there will be no si gnific e cts

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

7 from l and use greenhou se g as emissions.   style='color:red;letter-spacing:-.3pt'>It is on ly these redu rom

style='font-size:9.5pt;color:red'>

style='color:red'>8 other pr ogr ams that resu lt in a finding that land use e enhouse g as emissions

style='font-size:9.5pt;color:red'>

9 will decline by 2040.  Without these redu ctions, the Plan will r esult in an

style='font-size:9.5pt;color:red'>

style='color:red'>10 incr ease in 6,769,000 metric tons of gr eenhou se g as emissions from vario us

style='font-size:9.5pt;color:red'>

style='color:red'>11 land uses (i.e., residenti and commer cial, of style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>fice and industrial uses).

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

12 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> However, the EIR fails to analy ze and/or accu rat ely e sent the impacts of the

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

13 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> Plan alone on l and use greenhouse g as emissions.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

14 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> c)         The pr ograms (Pavl ey, L CFS, and AB 32 S coping M easur es) tak en

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

15 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> into consid ation wh anal yzi ng wh eth Plan meets the go als of

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

style='color:red'>16 Ex ecutive Order S -3-05 and Executive O rder B- 16-2012 style='color:red'>. Without r eductions

style='font-size:9.5pt;color:red'>

style='color:red'>17 from Pavl style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>ey, L CFS and AB 32, land use a nsportation emissions in the

style='font-size:9.5pt;color:red'>

style='color:red'>18 region are expected to i ncr ea se, and the Plan do et the targets s et

style='font-size:9.5pt;color:red'>

19 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> forth in these ex ecutive orders.  The E IR fails to disclose this signifi cant

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

20 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> effe ct.  Ev en assumi ng, these redu ctions can be t aken, the EIR still fails to

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21 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> disclose that the plan does not cre ate a aj ecto style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>ry to allow the state to meet style='letter-spacing:.3pt'> the

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

22 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> goals of Ex ecutive Order S -3-05 and Executive Order B-16 -2012.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

23 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> d)         The EIR improperly f ails to conclude that th ere will be significant impa cts

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

24 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> under Si gnific ance Criteria 2.5-2, 2.5 -3 and 2.5-4, which evalua te agg reg ate

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

25 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> greenhouse gas emissions trends and complian style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ce with other emissions

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

26 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> reductions laws.

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27

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28

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Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            28


1 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>

style='position:relative;z-index:-37'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-36;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'> e)         The E IR fails to disclose the si gnific ant impa g reenhouse gas emissions

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

2 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> and ali style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>ty, on a local and re gional lev el, f rom the exp ected incre ase in the

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3 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> volume of goods move ment in the region.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

4 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> f)         The E IR fails to disclose the signifi cant impact on the transportation

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

5 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> infrastru cture and land -use allocations from the exp ected incr ea se in the

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

6 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> volume of goods move ment in the region.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

style='color:red'>7 g)         The E IR fails to disclose the h ealth impa cts on low-income and minority

style='font-size:9.5pt;color:red'>

8 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> c style='color:red'>ommunities situated in the vicinity of k style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ey goods movement hubs, such as

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

9 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> airport, seap orts, high ways and railw style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ays.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

10 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> h)         The EIR fails to disclose the environme ntal and he alth f ects caus by

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

style='color:red'>11 displacement, d espite MTC and AB AG‘s Equity An al ysis, co ncluding th at

style='font-size:9.5pt;color:red'>

12 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> there will be a greater risk of displacement under the Plan.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

style='color:red'>13 i)          The EIR fails to proper ly disclose the impacts of the miles of new freew style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ay

style='font-size:9.5pt;color:red'>

14 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> lanes proposed in the Plan.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

15 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 106.     The ag en cies‘ a ction cer tif ying the Proje ct‘s E IR without fully an l yzi ng the Proj ect‘s

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

16 significant environment al impacts constitutes a p rejudi cial abuse of dis cre tion, since they fail ed to

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

17 proceed in the m anner required by CEQA.

style='font-size:8.0pt'>

18 SIXTH C ACTION

style='font-size:8.0pt'>

19 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> Violation of CEQA - Public esou rces Code Sections 21000 et s eq.

and the CEQA Gui del ines, Cal. Code of Regs., Tit. 14, S ections 15000 et seq.

20

ABAG and MTC Fail ed to Consider and Dis Pla n’s C style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>umulative I mpacts

21

107. Petition re -alleg e, as if ful style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly set forth hein, e ach and ev ry all egation contained 22

in the e ceding p aragra phs.

23

108. CEQA has specif ic requ irements that must be satisfied in a style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>ny cumulative impa cts 24

anal An E must the ―cumul impact s‖ of a proj ect wh en the roje in cremen tal 25

effe are ―cumul ative style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>ly consider able.‖ style='letter-spacing:2.35pt'> (Pub. Res. § 21083(b ); C Code Re tit. § 26

15130(a).) A ― cumulati ve imp act‖ is ―an impa whi is cr eated as r esult the combin of 27

the project style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> ev aluated in the EIR style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> tog ether with oth p roje cts c ausing re lat ed imp acts.‖  (C Code 28

style='font-size:14.0pt'>

Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            29


1 style='position:relative;z-index:-35'>

style='position:relative;z-index:-34'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-33;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'>R gs. 14, 15130( a)). style='letter-spacing:1.35pt'> ―Cumul ative ly consider able‖ me th ―the in ement effects an

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

2 individual project are signifi cant when viewed in conn ection with the effe cts of past projects, the

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

3 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> effe cts of other cur rent proje cts, and style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> the ef fe cts of style='letter-spacing:.25pt'> prob able future projects.‖  (Pub. Res. style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> Code § 4       21083(b ); Cal. Code Re gs. tit. 14, § 15065( a)(3 ).)

5 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 109.     A ―cumul imp acts‖ an l must ― [a] list p pr esent p robable

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

6 future projects produ cing related or cumulat ive imp acts, includin g, if n ec r y, those projects

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

7 outside of agen style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>cy ,‖ or [ summa of proj ections contain ed in lo cal,

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

8 re gional or statewi de pl an, or r elated planning do cument, that descri bes or ev aluates conditions

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

9 contributing to the cumu style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>lative eff ect.‖  (Cal. style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> Code R gs. style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> tit. 14, style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> § 15130(b)(1 )).

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

10 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 110.     The EIR at issue in this c ase fails to consider or dis cuss p roper style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>ly the Project‘s

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

11 cumulative imp acts.  Among many short gs:

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

12 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> a)         The a ge ncies contentions that th ey have satisfi ed CEQ A‘s mand ate to

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

13 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> consider the ― cumulative impacts‖ the Plan by folding cumulative

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

14 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> impacts a style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>lysis g hout the E IR, and th the is ―cumul ative Plan

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

15 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> by definitio n,‖ do not meet style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> the spe r e ments style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> of CEQA.  The EIR style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> f ails

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

16 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> to set fo rth a cumulative impacts anl ysis which discuss cumul ative

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

17 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> impacts of the v arious a spects of the Plan as it will be implem ented.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

18 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> b)         The EIR specif ical style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>ly f ls to evaluate the cumul ive impacts from goods

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

19 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> movements m es that are included in the Plan.  This failure is esp ecially

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

20 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> problem atic, given that the land use and transpor tation planning decisions

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

21 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> related to goods movem ent will necessari style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>ly aff ect other aspe cts of the Plan,

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

22 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> such as the land use ansport ation planning d ecisions made under other

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

23 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> aspects of the Plan, as well as the air quali ty, gree nhouse g as emissions and

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

24 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> other ana style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>lys es conducted in the EIR.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

25 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> c)         The E IR fails to comply with CEQA‘s requir em ent that a cumulative imp acts

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

26 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> anal inclu de either style='letter-spacing:1.15pt'> ―[ list style='letter-spacing:1.1pt'> of p ast, pr esent style='letter-spacing:1.1pt'> and pr obable style='letter-spacing:1.1pt'> future proje cts

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

27 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> producing rela ted or cumulative impacts, in g, if necessar y, those

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

28 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> projects outside control the g c y,‖ ―[ summary of roje ctions

style='font-size:14.0pt'>

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1

style='position:relative;z-index:-31'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-30;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'> contained in an adopted loc gional or state wide related planni ng

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

2 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> document, that d escri bes or evaluates conditions contributing to the

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

3 cumulative effect.‖  (Cal. style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> Code R gs. style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> tit. 14, style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> § 15 130(b)(1)).  The ag encie s‘

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

4 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> statement that the cumulative impacts anl ysis is folded in throu ghout the EIR

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

5 fails to s atisfy the r equirements of CEQA, and the EIR fails to provide either

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

6 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> the required list of p rojects or summary of proje ion s.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

7 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> d)         The EIR fails to consider the cumul ative socio ec onomic imp acts from the

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

8 Project and other p ropos ed dev elopments in the Project ar ea on the e xisting

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

9 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> working-class communities of color in the n ei ghborhoo ds that are affected by

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

10 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> goods mov ement me asur es.

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11 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> e)         The E IR fails to consider the cumul ative imp acts from displacement o ccu rring

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

12 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> under the Plan.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

13 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> f)         The E IR fails to consider the cumul ative imp acts of the miles of new free style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>way

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14 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> lanes propos ed in the Plan.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

15 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 111.     The ag en cies‘ a ction cer tif ying the Proje ct‘s E IR without fully an l yzi ng the

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16 cumulative imp acts constitutes a pr ejudicial abuse of disc retion, since they fail c eed in the

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17 manner r ed by CEQA.

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18 SEVENTH C ACTION

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19 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> Violation of CEQA - Public esou rces Code Sections 21000 et s eq.

and the CEQA Gui del ines, Cal. Code of Regs., Tit. 14, S ections 15000 et seq.

20

ABAG and MTC Fail ed to Consider, Discuss, a nd Adopt Feasi ble Mitigation Measures

21 to Mini mize Signi ficant En vironm ental Eff ects

style='position:relative;top:.5pt'>22 112.     Petition re -alleg e, as if ful style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly set forth hein, e ach and ev ry all egation contained

style='font-size:9.0pt'>

23 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> in the pr ecedi ng parag raphs.

style='font-size:8.5pt'>

style='position:relative;top:.5pt'>24 113.     A fundament purp ose of CEQA to ― [p]r event gnifi damage to the

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25 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> environme nt by equiri ng ch an ges in proj ects throu gh the use alt ern atives or mitigation

style='font-size:8.5pt'>

26 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> measur es.‖  (C al. Code Re gs. tit. style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> 14, § style='letter-spacing:.25pt'> 15002(a)(3).)  Consequent style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly, style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> an EIR style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> must identi fy fe asible

style='font-size:9.0pt'>

27 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> mitig asur es in ord er to substantial style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly less en or avoid otherwise si gnific ant environment al

style='font-size:8.5pt'>

28 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> ef fe (Pub. Res. §§ 21081 Cal. R gs. 14, 15 126.4(a).) style='letter-spacing:2.15pt'> ― Formul ation

style='font-size:13.0pt'>

Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            31


style='position:relative;z-index:-29'>

style='position:relative;z-index:-28'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-27;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'>1     of mitig ation me asur es should style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> not be def err ed un til some future time.‖  (Cal. Code R gs. tit. 14, § 2       15126.4(a)( 1)(B ).)

3 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 114.     Public a ge ncies should not approve proje cts as propos ed if there are feasi ble

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4 altern atives or mitigation measur es av ailable to substantially lessen the significant environmental

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5 impacts of the p ct.  (Pub. Res. Code §§ 21002, 21081(a).)  If the proje ct is chang ed to

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6 inco ate mitig ation to reduce or avoid signifi cant effects on the environment, the public ag cy

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7 shall adopt a reporti ng or monitoring pro am for the mitigation adopted.  (Pub. Res. Code §

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8     21081.6 (a).)

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

9                 115.     The E IR fails to identify or consider ad equate, feasible g asur es to reduce

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

10 the Project‘s si gnifi cant environme ntal impacts with respect to me es taken to address the

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

11 movement of goods through the r egion.  Despite id entif ying various measur es that are bei ng tak en to

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

12 address goods movement issues under the Plan, the EIR fails to discuss how such me asur es will

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

13 mitigate the proje cted effects of goods movement through the region.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

14 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 116.     Additional style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly, the agenci es have stated that the Plan will continue to study the effects

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15 of goods move ment and will identi fy future rec ommend ations for add ressing goods movement.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

16 Given that cert goods movement measures are alr ea style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>dy being und a ken under the Plan, and

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17 given the proj ected incre ases in goods movement throu gh the re gion, the EIR impermissibly d efers

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

18 formulation of miti gation measur es for goods movement until a lat er time.

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19 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 117.     The EIR was improper ly certified, as it elects to pro ceed with implementat style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ion of the

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20 proposed Plan, ev en thou gh other alt ern atives outperform the Plan with respe ct to cer tain criter ia.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

21 For e xampl the ― style='color:red'>Environment, Equity and Jobs‖ alt ative in low amount of

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

22 Vehicle Miles Tr avell ( ―VMT‖) wh compared the l other a ltern atives. style='letter-spacing:2.35pt'> Dr EIR at

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

23 3.1-22.  This alte rnative will also result in the gre atest transit ridership out of ny ( 5% more

style='font-size:9.5pt;color:red'>

24 than the proposed Plan ).  This alternative is e xpected to have the gr eatest redu ction in on-th ad

style='font-size:9.5pt;color:red'>

25 transport ation GHG emissions from 2010 to 2040. style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> It is also expected to h ave the gre ed uction

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26 in gre enhouse gas emissions b etween 2010 and 2040.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

27 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 118.     Fu rm ore, despite co ncluding ―si gnific and avoidabl e‖ impacts would

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28 result due to the Plan‘s inc rease in transportation inv estments, population, and lan d-use

style='font-size:14.0pt'>

Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            32


1 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>

style='position:relative;z-index:-25'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-24;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'>d evelopm ents in are as subje ct to sea-le vel rise, the EIR also fails to propose enfo rc eable mitigation

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

2 measures to addr ess the se imp   ad, the ABAG and MTC defer to local ag en cies to adopt

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

3 proposed g ation measures.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

4 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 119.     The EIR also fails to identi fy and consider ad equ f easible g asur es to

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

5 protect a gainst displacement.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

6 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 120.     The ag en cies‘ a ction cer tif ying the Proje ct‘s E IR without proper mitigati on me es

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

7 constitutes a ejudi cial abuse of disc retion, since they ail ed to pro ceed in the manner requir by

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

8 CEQA.

style='font-size:8.0pt'>

9 EIGHTH C AUSE OF ACTION

style='font-size:8.0pt'>

10 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> Violation of CEQA (Public esou rces Code Sections 21000 et s eq.

and the CEQA Gui del ines, Cal. Code of Regs., Tit. 14, S ions 15000 et seq.

11

ABAG and MTC Imp roperly Pie ce mealed the Analysis For The Pro ject

12

121. Petition re -alleg e, as if ful style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly set forth hein, e ach and ev ry all egation contained 13

in the pr ecedi ng parag raphs. 14

122. CEQA defines style='letter-spacing:.6pt'> ―Proj ect‖ as style='letter-spacing:.55pt'> ―the whole of a which style='letter-spacing:.6pt'> has style='letter-spacing:.6pt'> a p for 15

resulting in either a dire ct ph al cha nge in the environment, or a r eason ably fo res ee able indirect 16

physical style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> ch an ge in the style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> e nvironment.‖  (C al. Code style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> Re gs. tit. 14, § 15378(a); style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> Pub. R es. Code § 21065 ). 17

―‗Proj ect‘ a i nterp in order m axim ize e of environment.‖ 18

(McQueen v. Board of Directors of the Mid eni nsula Regional Open Space District (1988) 202 Cal. 19

App. 3d 1136, 1143.)

20

123. CEQA forbids s egmenti ng a proj ect into separate actions in or av style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>oid 21

environme r evi of ―whole of the action .‖ Furthermo CE QA requir the ad a gen style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>cy to 22

consider the enti re proje ct at the e arliest possible stage, including all reaso nab ly for ese eable ph ases

23

of roje ct.  (Laurel Height s, 47 Cal. 3d at 396.) 24

124. By de fer ring dy of goods movement issues, and style='color:red'>failing to addr ess the goods 25

movement measures to be undert ak mitigation me es to be applied to allevi ate the effe cts 26

of goods mov em in EI R, ABAG and h eng ag in imp roper ―p ie ceme ana lys is 27

in the EIR. 28

style='font-size:14.0pt'>

Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            33


1 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>

style='position:relative;z-index:-22'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-21;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'>125.     The a ge ncies‘ action certi fyi ng the Project‘s E IR without properly considering all

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

2 segments of the e ct constitutes aejudi cial abuse of disc retion, since th ey have f ailed to

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

3 proceed in the m anner required by CEQA.

style='font-size:8.0pt'>

4 NINTH C ACTION

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5 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> Violation of the i fornia Gover style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>nm Code

( Califo Gov n me style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>nt Cod e, Tit. 7, Div. 1, Ch. 2.5, s ections 65080 et s eq.)

6

ABAG and MTC Imp roperly Adopted a Transpo tion Plan

7 that Failed to Include all the equir m ents

style='position:relative;top:.5pt'>8 126.     Petition ers re-all ege, as if ful style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly set forth hein, e ach and ev ry all egation contained

style='font-size:8.5pt'>

9 in the pr ecedi ng parag raphs.

style='font-size:8.5pt'>

style='position:relative;top:.5pt'>10 127.     The Gov ernm Code r equires transport agen to ―p rep adopt a

style='font-size:8.5pt'>

11 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> regional tr ansport ation plan directed ch ieving a coordin and bal anced regional transport ation

style='font-size:8.5pt'>

12 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> system, includi ng, but not limited to, mass transp ation, highway, style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> railroad, maritime, bi cy cl e,

style='font-size:8.5pt'>

style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";position:relative; top:.5pt'>13 p edestrian, goods movem ent, style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> and style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> aviation style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> facilities style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> and s ervic es.‖ style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> (Cal. style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> Gov ent style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> Code §

style='font-size:8.5pt'>

14 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 65080(a)( emphasis added).)

style='font-size:8.5pt'>

style='position:relative;top:.5pt'>15 128.     Fu r, ―the re transportation sh consider f actors e in S ection

style='font-size:8.5pt'>

16 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 134 of Title 23 of the Unit ed Stat es Cod e.‖  (C Gov ent Code § style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> 65080 (a). ) Se 134 of

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17 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> Title 23 of the Unit ed States Code requires that the planning process include consi der ation of

style='font-size:8.5pt'>

18 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> proje and a te th will ―incre ase a ccessibili style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ty mobili ty of people and for f rei ght,‖

style='font-size:9.0pt'>

19 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> and ― enh ance the integ ration connectivi style='letter-spacing:.25pt'>ty of the ansport style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>system, across and b etwe en

style='font-size:8.5pt'>

20 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> modes, for p fr ght.‖  (23 U.S.C. § 134(h)(1)( ( F).)  The implementing re gulations for

style='font-size:9.0pt'>

21 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> Section 134 of Title 23 of the Unit ed States Code require an int egr ated pl an that takes into account

style='font-size:8.5pt'>

22 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> the mov of people and good s—RTPs must ―include lon g-r an short a nge

style='font-size:9.0pt'>

23 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> strat egies/ actions that lead to the dev elopment of an integr ated multimodal transport s ystem to

style='font-size:8.5pt'>

24 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> fa cilitate the safe and f icient movement of people and goods in add ressing c urr ent and future

style='font-size:9.0pt'>

25 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> transport d emand.‖  (23 style='letter-spacing:.3pt'> C.F.R. style='letter-spacing:.25pt'> § 450.322 (b) .)

style='font-size:8.5pt'>

style='position:relative;top:.5pt'>26 129.     Section 134 of Title 23 of the United States Code also requir es the pl pr ocess

style='font-size:9.0pt'>

27 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> to in p cts s trat egies that ―prot ect enhan ce the environme nt, promote en er gy

style='font-size:8.5pt'>

28 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> conse rvation, improve the quali ty of life, and promote consistency b etween transportation

style='font-size:13.0pt'>

Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            34


style='position:relative;z-index:-20'>

style='position:relative;z-index:-19'>

style='position:absolute;z-index:-18;left:0px;margin-left:29px;margin-top:96px; width:48px;height:864px'>1     imp rovements and style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> State loc pl anned style='letter-spacing:.25pt'> growth style='letter-spacing:.25pt'> and style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> economic d evelop style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ment style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> patterns.‖  (23 style='letter-spacing:.25pt'> U.S.C. 2     § 134(h)(1)( E).)

3 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 130.     Despite e ctions of economic and population growth and studi es—including by

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

4 MTC—detailing the importan ce of goods movement to the region, the RTP fails to include a ny

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

5 meaningful dis cussion of or plan for movi ng fr eight throughout the regio style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>n, and mitigation measu res

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

6 for this mov As a result, the RTP also fails to include any discussion of or plan for an

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

7 inte gr coordin conn and b alanced r gio nal rmodal s yst em to ― style='color:red'>fa cilitate the s afe

style='font-size:9.5pt;color:red'>

8 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> a style='color:red'>nd f icient style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> movement style='letter-spacing:.35pt'> of p goods‖ style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> into the style='letter-spacing:.25pt'> futur e.

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

9 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 131.     The ag en cies‘ approval of a Plan that fails to integrate goods movement in violation

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

10 of the Califo rnia Go ver nment Code constitutes an abuse of discr etion.

style='font-size:8.0pt'>

11 REQUEST FOR RELIEF

12 Wherefo re, Petitioners respe ctfully equ est r elief as follows:

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

13 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 1.         A writ of m andate or pe rempto ry w eri ng t he ag en cies to:

style='font-size:9.0pt'>

14 vacate and s et aside their approval and certifi cation of the EIR for the Plan B style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ay Area and style='letter-spacing:.2pt'> the

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

15 approval of Plan ay Are r efr ain from granting ny rther approvals for the Plan Bay Area

style='font-size:9.0pt'>

16 unless and until the age ncies fully comp style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ly with the requirements of CEQ A; and

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

17 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 2.         A p an ent injunction enjoining the a ge ncies from implementing the Plan ay Ar ea

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

18 until a law rov al h en obtained and that style='letter-spacing:.15pt'> the r e ments of CEQA have been fulfilled;

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

19 and

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

20 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 3.         A d eclarato style='letter-spacing:.2pt'>ry ju dgment that the age ncies violated CEQA in app roving Plan ay

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21 Area; and

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22 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> 4.         For f ees and costs incur red herein, including style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>rea sonable attorn style='letter-spacing:.15pt'>ey‘s fees as authori zed

style='font-size:9.5pt'>

23 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'> by Code of Civil Proc edure ction 1021.5; and 24    //

25 //

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26 //

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27 //

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28

style='font-size:14.0pt'>

Veri Petition for Writ of Ma ndate style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>                                                                                                            35


1                style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:#2F2F2F;letter-spacing:.45pt'>5 style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:#505050'>.         style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:#2F2F2F'>All style='letter-spacing:1.45pt'> such other style='letter-spacing:.8pt'> equitable or legal style='letter-spacing:.4pt'> relief that style='letter-spacing:.5pt'> the Court style='letter-spacing:.8pt'> considers just and style='letter-spacing:.65pt'> proper .

2                               style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:#2F2F2F'>Respectfully  submitted,


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3

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